The Baptists have their roots in the time of the Reformation. With more than 40 million members worldwide, the Baptists are among the largest Protestant churches. The first Baptist church was established in England in 1612, where in a manifesto addressed to the English king they demanded freedom of opinion, faith, religion and conscience. This manifesto is the oldest document in English language addressing a demand for human rights. In 1869 the first Austrian Baptist Church was founded in Vienna. Today there are 25 Baptist churches in Austria.

Some well-known Baptists include:

– Abraham Lincoln, US President, abolished slavery in the USA
– Martin Luther King, civil rights activist and Nobel Peace Prize winner
– Arnold Köster, Baptist preacher, resisted National Socialism
– Jimmy Carter, US President and Nobel Peace Prize winner